Originally Answered: MATH HELP! 10 POINTS BEST ANSWER?
In geometry, a coordinate system is a system which uses one or more numbers, or coordinates, to uniquely determine the position of a point or other geometric element. The order of the coordinates is significant and they are sometimes identified by their position in an ordered tuple and sometimes by a letter, as in 'the x-coordinate'. In elementary mathematics the coordinates are taken to be real numbers, but in more advanced applications coordinates can be taken to be complex numbers or elements of a more abstract system such as a commutative ring. The use of a coordinate system allows problems in geometry to be translated into problems about numbers and vice versa; this is the basis of analytic geometry.
An example in everyday use is the system of assigning longitude and latitude to geographical locations. In physics, a coordinate system used to describe points in space is called a frame of reference.
In mathematics, the origin of a Euclidean space is a special point, usually denoted by the letter O, used as a fixed point of reference for the geometry of the surrounding space. In a Cartesian coordinate system, the origin is the point where the axes of the system intersect. In Euclidean geometry, the origin may be chosen freely as any convenient point of reference.
The most common coordinate systems are two-dimensional (contained in a plane) and three-dimensional (contained in a space), composed of two and three perpendicular axes, respectively. The origin divides each of these axes into two halves, a positive and a negative semiaxis. Points can then be located with reference to the origin by giving their numerical coordinates—that is, the positions of their projections along each axis, either in the positive or negative direction. The coordinates of the origin are always all zero, for example (0,0) in two dimensions and (0,0,0) in three.
The origin of the complex plane can be referred as the point where real axis and imaginary axis intersect each other. In other words, it is the point representing 0 + 0i.
A set is a collection of distinct objects, considered as an object in its own right. Sets are one of the most fundamental concepts in mathematics. Developed at the end of the 19th century, set theory is now a ubiquitous part of mathematics, and can be used as a foundation from which nearly all of mathematics can be derived. In mathematics education, elementary topics such as Venn diagrams are taught at a young age, while more advanced concepts are taught as part of a university degree.
in mathematics, the natural numbers are the ordinary whole numbers used for counting ("there are 6 coins on the table") and ordering ("this is the 3rd largest city in the country"). These purposes are related to the linguistic notions of cardinal and ordinal numbers, respectively (see English numerals). A more recent notion is that of a nominal number, which is used only for naming.
Whole Numbers are simply the numbers 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, … (and so on)