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Do you support GMO ( Genetically Modified Organisms ) or not?

Do you support GMO ( Genetically Modified Organisms ) or not? Topic: Gmo essays
July 23, 2019 / By Bindy
Question: To be specific, Genetically Modified FOOD. I am doing a persuasive essay and I just need some opinions. Thank you! If you can also explain why you support or not support GMO.
Best Answer

Best Answers: Do you support GMO ( Genetically Modified Organisms ) or not?

Ailse Ailse | 7 days ago
I support GMOs. With cross breeding with plants that have favorable traits being the norm for awhile, the problem with this is that the plant is often limited in the kinds of adaptations it can form, and because of growth times, it would take many decades before a species would gain any unique characteristic that would allow it to grow better, faster, or stronger then it's precessesors. This is where GMO comes in. When done properly, we can introduce genes that allow the crop to grow in conditions it couldnt before, such as areas treated with deforestation compounds, or grow with out the need for pesticides, allowing for organic produce. If a regions is deficit in a particular micronutrient, such as vitamin A in asian countries that rely on rice as staple, we could engineer rice to produce Vit A to meet their needs with out having to spend additional money on Vit A supplements(look up golden rice).
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Ailse Originally Answered: What are peoples thoughts about genetically modified food?
What do you want to know? I'm a plant breeding student and know quite a lot on this matter - I've met so-called experts, and I know more than some of them, so I guess I could be considered an expert too. I am happy to give an crop geneticists views on this matter. If you're really interested in the topic, feel free to PM me for a longer discussion. Scientifically, there really shouldn't be much debate about its efficacy, utility, or safety. After thinking about the issues a lot, the legitimate criticisms should really focus around industrial capitalism and consumers' rights to choice. But those are more legal, moral, political issues than scientific ones. Resource allocation is also another legitimate issue - a lot of discussion around agriculture is focused around GMO's, and especially as a plant breeder, I think that is a distraction. Most gains today are still focused around traditional plant breeding, not genetic engineering. But even then, one of the reason why GMOs are so expensive is the insane amount of regulation that makes it that way. Efficacy: Bt (insect resistance) has been stupendously successful. It is used in cotton and corn. It has been developed for Brinjal (eggplant) in India, but was put on hold pending "more tests." Bt has resulted in less spraying of insecticides (which are sprayed regularly and without protection in India), less tedious work (they used to pick off insects by hand), and improved farmer incomes. Bt cotton in India is especially the poster child of the GM industry because of its impact on poor farmers. There have not been any major outbreaks of Bt resistance in insects - refuge (susceptible refuges to slow down resistance build up) requirements have been successful, and new procedures ("refuge in a bag") will help increase compliance and efficacy. Certainly, there have been some resistance in insects detected, but to be frank, it's actually been surprising how low these numbers are (we're talking like single-digit % of a population at most). Herbicide tolerance has been the other major success. Reduced tillage practices can be practiced, RoundUp (glyphosate) is vastly more effective and safer than other herbicides (e.g. 2,4-D), and most of all it saves farmers a lot of time and hard work (in the past, farmers and their kids always had to "walk the beans"). However, poor management has resulted in herbicide tolerance building up, and herbicide tolerant/resistant weeds are a huge problem in some areas now. Safety/Regulation: GMOs have to go through approval by the FDA, USDA, and EPA; plus, if there are export markets (which there usually are), they need to pass those non-US limitations. I can say for certain, more is known about a single GMO variety than a traditional variety. We (plant breeders) often know nothing about the safety of traditional crops, even if they have a very new phenotype , nothing about its genetics, genomics, etc. But why should we? The process of breeding is a safety assessment, in itself. As we select our crops, we look for anything weird, and usually throw out anything that doesn't look normal. Yet all those details and more are tested for with GMOs, ***in addition to going through the traditional breeding process.*** There are all sorts of speculative worries about unexpected results, but the plant genome is amazingly robust to changes - even us humans. Plants (and humans) actually have many microbial species and genes that have been transferred in by viruses and Agrobacterium (one of the major GM vectors). Certain traits certainly should undergo additional, specialized testing, especially when it comes to the environment and these are done. That said, herbicide tolerant alfalfa and turfgrass were recently approved which I find surprising and it does worry me that those genes can be transferred into weeds. However, one of the ironic things about the heavy regulation is its actually produced a lot of effects that are counter to those who endorse stronger regulation. For one, only large companies (e.g. Monsanto, Pioneer, Syngenta, Dow) can really afford to pass these regulatory standards. That's why you don't see public investment into GMOs. Secondly, it ends up encouraging those traits that have the highest impact - both economically, and potentially the most risk - like herbicide tolerance. If the regulatory landscape wasn't so ridiculous, there almost certainly would have already been yield genes and drought genes released, the safety of which is far less of a concern.
Ailse Originally Answered: What are peoples thoughts about genetically modified food?
I personally don't like them for three main reasons: 1. They promote monoculture farming, which is the farming of only one kind of species. When you have only one kind of species growing in a large area it becomes an easy target for pests and diseases. 2. They frequently promote the use of agrochemicals, the most common are the Roundup Ready varieties that encourage the mass spraying of the herbicide Roundup. This both leaches into the soil and because of over use has generated weeds that are resistant to it known as "Super Weeds". There is also the BT varieties that produce their own pesticide, but these have shown an increase in BT resistant pests, which is what frequently happens when you plant nothing but one thing with one trait. Pests and Weeds are always trying to pick the locks to survive, and when you have things laying out like in our industrial agriculture system it makes it all the easier 3. The main reason they are pushed are because companies are able to obtain patents on the seed. This means farmers cannot save their seed (as previously done) and even more asinine is that it allows lawsuits against farmer's whose non-GMO crops get pollinated by GM crops or if the seed blows on to their property. Nature is in fact the most sustainable system, and technology is almost always at its mercy. Diversity is the key to balance, and almost every problem GM plants are created for can be solved by diverse farming.

Tommi Tommi
M. is both right and wrong. GMO's are alterations to the genome that the organism underwent that has created different results from before. It's true that pieces of DNA are inserted in the organisms genome that would allow it to perform better in a variety of ways: environment, heterosis, yield, disease resistance, removal of shattering seeds (corn), growing conditions, etc. What the big problem is has to do with lack of accurate information that consumers have been exposed to as far as GMO go. GMO's exist both synthetically and naturally. Corn is the 3rd largest food crop next to Wheat and Rice. THese crops want to be grown all over the world in pretty much every conceivable environment. There are no "one size fits all" plant. Breeders select varieties and using both marker assisted breeding and conventional breeding to make a variety best suitable for an environment. Does breeding a crop to better survive an environment make it poisonous or deadly? Does inserting DNA coding regions that create more yield make it poisonous or deadly? For a crop to be a "GMO" an alteration of just 1 trait is all that is required. There is a very strict system in play for most of the developed world and a growing number of developing countries that make it short of impossible for any dangerous crop to be put on the market. I deal with GMO's everyday as i am an undergrad in plant breeding. Now are all GMO's good? No, there are some that are not well made. Are they all bad? NO! with reasons like i stated. Each GMO must be evaluated on a crop basis. If you want to see how much protection is put into play, research Starlink Corn Recall and that'll be proof to you how well protected the system is, and how even after release they are all evaluated carefully.
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Ray Ray
Of course. So, the definition of a GMO is exactly what it sounds like- an organism modified by humans for desirable traits. The reality is that every single plant and bush and tree and dog and cat around is is a GMO. All of our tomatoes, corn, everything has been bred by humans for centuries to acquire the traits we want and prefer. It is impossible to avoid GMOs in our everyday society, and why should we even try? If we can get better plants and better milk, why not get them if it doesn't harm them or us in any real way? There is no point in attempting to avoid a reality of modern life that surrounds us and is beneficial to us in pretty much every way.
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Ray Originally Answered: Genetically modified foods are causing diseases? And we can't tell which products have them?
America is so controlled by big business that it is getting embarrassing. Insurance companies own us just behind the auto industry and the big chemical/agri business, nothing gets in the way of their bottom line so I say find a way to get the paranoid psychotics in the insurance industry riled up somehow since they have the money and all we have is the brains and the make believe democracy...(not much to fight with, in America) Help real farmers get the subsidiaries only big chemical farms get. Support efforts to take "welfare" away from those who grow with harmful chemicals and GMO's Also you can: Support local organic farmers and eat healthy raw or mildly processed foods and then there is nothing to worry about. And as a benefit, its the ethical, community minded and healthy choice for everyone.

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