Originally Answered: I need help writing a sonnet?
Hi. Understand the purpose of a sonnet. A sonnet is really a poem that expresses a single, complete thought, idea, or sentiment. A sonnet must consist of 14 lines, usually in iambic pentameter (see below), with rhymes arranged according to one of certain definite schemes. Learn the basic definitions. Before tackling the sonnet, you'll need to understand the meaning of some of the elements of a sonnet. They are:
Iambic: An "iamb" is a variety of the rhythmic unit called a foot. It has a single unstressed syllable and a single stressed syllable.
Pentameter: This refers to the need to repeat the iamb five times.
Quatrains: Four lines of a stanza or poem.
Rhyming couplet: This is two lines together that must rhyme.
Choose your style of sonnet. The two most common kind of sonnets are the Petrarchan (Italian) sonnet and the Shakespearean (English) sonnet. In a sonnet, there are set placements for the quatrains within the total of 14 lines. The sonnet must follow a standard rhyme scheme:
The Petrarchan sonnet consists of two quatrains (eight lines or the octave) and a closing minor group of six lines (the sestet). The pattern is: ABBA ABBA CDE CDE. The letters represent a rhyme, meaning that a's should rhyme with a's and b's should rhyme with b's.
The Shakespearean style is three quatrains followed by a couplet: ABAB CDCD EFEF GG. In The Art of Shakespeare's Sonnets, Helen Vendler describes it as Q1, Q2, Q3, and C. The couplet at the end is usually a very strong rhyme to end it off. This is called a heroic couplet, rhyming couplet or a couplet in iambic pentameter.
The quatrains often represent three different stages in the development of an idea (or argument), while the couplet sums up the essential premise of the poem.
Understand the rhyme patterns. In order to write the sonnet, you'll need a good grasp of how to rhyme according to the standard rhyme scheme you've chosen. Each letter (A or B, for example) stands for the ending sound of the line. So, the ABAB code means that the first line and the third line rhyme (A with A) and the second line rhymes with the fourth line (B with B). CCCC would be a code for four lines which all rhyme with each other. Let's use Sonnet 18 as an example, Shall I Compare Thee To a Summer's Day:
Sonnet #18 William Shakespeare
Shall I compare thee to a Summer's day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And Summer's lease hath all too short a date:
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And oft' is his gold complexion dimm'd;
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd:
But thy eternal Summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest;
Nor shall Death brag thou wanderest in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou growest:
So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
You can used mine. ( This one. )