Topic: Case syllabus
July 23, 2019 / By Festus Question:
Words like formula (pl. formulae). What are some words like that? My friends and I were trying to list some earlier, because we were bored, but we couldn't think of too many. What are some nouns that when in plural form, do not end in the letter "s"? Thank you!!
Damion | 1 day ago
Here are some VERY common ones...
Mouse >> Mice
Goose >> Geese
Foot >> Feet
Child >> Children
Person >> People
Woman >> Women
Man >> Men
...here are some lesser known ones...
Nucleus >> Nuclei
Cactus >> Cacti
Syllabus >> Syllabi
Fungus >> Fungi
Octopus >> Octopi
Phenomenon >> Phenomena
Formula >> Formulae
Nautilus >> Nautili
Curriculum >> Curricula
Stimulus >> Stimuli
Hippopotamus >> Hippopotami (although hippopotamuses is also correct)
Ox >> Oxen
Dice >> Die
Criterion >> Criteria
Louse >> Lice
Bureau >> Bureaux
...and here are some VERY uncommon ones.
Datum >> Data
Medium >> Media
Stadium >> Stadia
Cherub >> Cherubim
Supernova >> Supernovae
Focus >> Foci
Forum >> Fora
Alumnus >> Alumni
Alumna >> Alumnae
Cow >> Kine (although it is very timeworn and not used very much anymore)
Bracket >> Braces*
Index >> Indices (although indexes is correct)
Appendix >> Appendices (although appendixes is also correct)
*A bracket is what is attached to each tooth when someone has braces.
In the case of index, appendix and bracket, the plurals DO end in "s", but I put them here because they are different from the singular form of the word.
There are also some words where the singular form is the same as the plural form. Such words include sheep, deer, moose, and fish.
There are also hyphenated words that are a bit peculiar when pluralized, including...
Day-off >> Days-off
Mother-in-law >> Mothers-in-law
Editor-in-chief >> Editors-in-chief
...but there are some hyphenated nouns that DO NOT end in "s" after the first word, such as...
Merry-go-round >> Merry-go-rounds
Forget-me-not >> Forget-me-nots
What I've noticed is that the hyphenated words that have an "s" after the first word in the hyphenated word, such as day-off, are hyphenated words that begin with a noun. Such words as merry-go-round and forget-me-not and t-shirt do not begin with nouns. "Merry" is an adjective and "forget" is a verb. So, in such words as that, the "s" comes after the last word.
Although this doesn't really relate to your question, the words alms, amends, cattle, clothes, doldrums, ides, pants, pliers, scissors, shorts, smithereens, and trousers, are the only words in the English dictionary where there is no singular form. I just thought I'd thrown that into the mix, as I thought it was very interesting.
I hope I've helped.
Originally Answered: English homework question? Pronouns? Plural and Singular and Mixed (plural and singular)?
Singular: another, anybody, anyone, anything, each, either, everybody, everyone, everything, little, much, neither, nobody, no one, nothing, one, other, somebody, someone, something
Plural: both, few, many, others, several
Mixed: all, any, more, most, none, some
That's as many as I can think of!
Edit (I thought of more):
Salmon, tuna, practically every fish lol.
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a * abaci * abaculi * acanthi * acini * alumni * anthocauli * archmagi b * bacilli c * cacti * campi e * emboli * esophagi f * foeti f cont. * fœti h * hippopotami * homunculi i * improvisatori * incubi m * macronuclei * magi n * nuclei o * octopi * oesophagi p * panni * parahippocampal gyri * phoeti * phœti r * radii * rhinoceri * rhombi s * sarcophagi * scenarii * stimuli * succubi t * thrombi * tori * triumviri u * uteri v * viri * virii œ * œsophagi